An introduction to topics that span the vast field of materials science. From crystal structures to phase transformations to materials characterization to materials processing, this course will offer a glimpse and provide a basis of understanding that will carry you through pretty much every course you will study in MSE.
How do we go from our idea of atoms in chemistry to the materials we use in our daily lives?
What simplifications must we make in order to understand how material properties arise?
What models or machines do we use to “see” things at the level of atoms?
This course is split into two sections: one part multivariable calculus and one part differential equations. You will learn how to describe surfaces and solids in 3D and higher dimensions, integrate in different coordinate systems, and discover some fundamental differential equations which govern related laws in materials science. The goal of this course is to learn and understand the mathematics that will appear in later courses.
How can we use different coordinate systems to more efficiently calculate systems or solids? What fundamental mathematical theorems do engineers use? What are their proofs and how can we apply them to real life? How can we use differential equations to predict a changing system at any point in time and space?
The laws of thermodynamics are the laws that govern matter and how it behaves in our universe. This course actually answers the question, “Why does anything happen in the universe?”, and before you start making references to The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, the answer is, ‘To lower the Gibb’s Free Energy’. Thermodynamics deals with all of the nitty-gritty details of chemical equilibrium and is essential in understanding material processing, material degradation and many other subjects you’ll be taking in your upper years. This course is also part of the 3rd year Mineral engineering curriculum so you will likely be sharing a classroom with 3rd year mins.ally answers the question, “Why does anything happen in the universe?” Before you answer ‘42’, I will save you the trouble. The answer is, ‘To lower the Gibb’s Free Energy’. Now, if you already knew that from other courses, don’t fear. You don’t spend the entire semester doing just that. Thermodynamics deals with all of the nitty-gritty details of chemical equilibrium.
What factors are present that determine whether a process can ever start? What does it mean to be energetically favorable? How can we design reactions to maximize efficiency? What considerations do we need to make?
Despite what CIV100 might have you believe, matter is always in motion. Atoms, whether they are arranged as a solid, liquid or gas, are in constant motion. Materials scientists can take advantage of this tendency to predict, create and modify materials. In Diffusion and Kinetics, we cover two of the most important basic building blocks to understanding materials phenomena: diffusion, the bulk atomic motion of matter due to a concentration gradient and kinetics, the study of the rate at which phenomena on the atomic and molecular level occur.
How do we describe bulk atomic motion in various media?
What is the difference between thermodynamics and kinetics?
How do we take advantage of factors affecting the kinetics of a situation?
This course offers an introduction to the basic concepts and principles of crystallography and characterization of materials – both in 2D and 3D. Beginning with the concept of reciprocal space and leading into crystal lattices and groups, the first half of the course deals with determining the arrangement of atoms in a crystal, their denotation, the language used in materials science to describe structures and transformations. Once you finish with tensors, the course shifts to cover material characterization, where you learn about various types of crystallographic techniques from Atomic Force Microscopy to X-Ray Diffraction.
What is reciprocal space and how is understanding it useful to us as Material Engineers? How does symmetry make our lives infinitely easier when studying crystalline solids? Which characterization technique is appropriate to determine a particular property? What are the sample limitations to using this technique?
Divided into two sections, this course will cover essential statistics and numerical methods topics. The statistics portion covers probability, distributions, hypothesis testing, regression, and other basic statistics principles. Numerical methods will cover techniques to numerically solve problems in calculus and differential equations, by hand and through the use of MATLAB.
How can we test if our hypothesis is correct? What are the ways to solve calculus questions without computing them? How can we predict the outcome of an event?
This course covers the fundamental trends that help shape the periodic table, and offers an understanding of why different elements behave differently. Once a thorough understanding of periodic trends is presented, individual elements are analysed and their uses in modern applications are understood. This course is important to know how a material will react in a certain situation, before it is actually applied. A lot of the content covered will echo your high school chemistry introduction. This course also dabbles in material processing from natural resources such as ores.
What causes certain elements to be more or less reactive than others? How can we test and differentiate between different inorganic compounds?
This course will mirror the style of MSE 244 but will cover Organic Chemistry, arguably on of the most difficult subdisciplines of chemistry. The course begins by working with the basic building blocks of organic compounds: Hydrocarbons, methyl groups, carboxylic acids, thiols etc. You will understand how to name such compounds, how they are formed and how they react with other compounds. The course ends on a few units in polymer chemistry which will lead into polymer courses taken in third and fourth year.
How can we predict reaction mechanisms and the product of two organic compounds? Which polymers are used in everyday life? How do we synthesize and organic compound
The goal of this course is that you advance your knowledge of work-related opportunities in Materials Science Engineering and that you communicate this knowledge in oral and written communications to your instructors and peers. You will work in teams of three or four on all assignments except for an individual written analysis or your team’s intermediate presentations. This course is designed to not be heavy in workload; most work can be complete in tutorial.
What style of language should be used in approaching industry? How do we go about researching about different job fields into actually contacting them and getting hired? How many paths would MSE lead into after graduation?
This course introduces economics with a practical focus on accounting. Topics covered include: interest rates as applied to mortgages and bond yields, time value of money, reading and generating balance sheets, assessing costs of a project, and much more. You will learn and apply this knowledge while learning the ropes of Microsoft Excel, a more powerful program than most people realise. This course is extremely applicable to real life projects and will be helpful for your long term career.
How to determine the value of assets over time? How to determine if a project is financially sound? How to understand a corporate balance sheet?
This course is designed to teach the fundamental concepts of electrochemistry via the interactions in material-electrolyte systems and their application to the corrosion of materials. You will calculate the thermodynamics of interactions using the Nernst equation, the phase stability of materials using Pourbaix diagrams.The various types of corrosion processes covering all material types are discussed.
What are the interactions of material-electrolyte systems and how do they contribute to corrosion processes? What conditions exacerbate and inhibit corrosion processes? What methods can be used to prevent the environmental degradation of materials?
This course covers the mechanical behavior of materials with a focus on stress-strain relationships, dislocation theory, strengthening mechanisms, and the processes and mechanisms of elastic, visco-elastic, plastic, and creep deformation. A strong focus is directed at the mechanical behavior of metals.
What mechanism governs the deformation of metals? How are mechanical properties of materials evaluated? How is mechanical behavior affected by time, temperature, and composition?
Phase transformations are among the material engineer’s greatest tools in controlling the properties of a material system. This course relies on your knowledge of thermodynamics and diffusion to learn how the microstructure of a material impacts its macroscopic properties. This is explored by use of free energy diagrams to reflect such phenomena as crystallization, nucleation and grain growth. An integral course in the MSE curriculum.
How do metallic microstructures develop? How can thermodynamic and kinetic principles explain phase transformations? What are phase transformations?
This course discusses how momentum, heat, and mass are transferred in a given process or system. This is done by exploring of the Navier-Stokes equation, the heat equation, and the diffusion equation with realistic boundary conditions to model real-world problems in metallurgy and materials processing such as melt cooling. An effective understanding of calculus and partial differential equations is recommended.
How can we model momentum, heat, and mass transfer? What are the engineering challenges for designing materials processes relating to heat and mass transfer?
This course discusses the application of solid state physics used to describe material properties. Special focus is given to properties related to phonon and electron interactions in a crystal lattice. This course is essential in understanding the properties and effects used in the semiconductor/electronics industry.
Previously taken in second year. The nitty-gritty of materials is expounded in this course that highlights the important theories and fundamental concepts that describe material behaviours. From the Drude model of electron motion that describes conductivity, to electron polarizations that result in the magnetization of materials, this course provides a look at the math and physics that lies at the heart of the material properties we take for granted.
Disclaimer: some of the course content may be slightly different or more difficult than what past students remember.
What causes the electromagnetic properties of metals? How do electrons and phonons interact in a crystal lattice?
This course offers general perspectives on the emerging fields of nanomaterial synthesis and manufacturing. Case studies of nanotechnology will be presented- primarily relating to the development of nano-Ni by our very own Professor Erb!
What defines a nanomaterial? How do we make nanomaterials? How can we observe nanomaterials? What are the advantages and disadvantages of nanomaterials?
The course slides—Erb’s slides are fairly comprehensive
This is an introductory course on biomaterials from the perspective of surgical implants. The focus is on the fabrication and materials selection of surgical implants and how the human body responds to those implants once in vivo. Basic concepts of cell structure and human immune response are covered.
What does it mean to be biocompatible? What considerations are necessary for biomaterials?
This course is on the mathematical modelling of materials via the finite-element method. The focus is on developing practical solutions to the theoretical differential equations controlling stress/strain, heat transfer, and fluid flow. There is a strong lab/software component using the ANSYS software to solve practical and multidisciplinary engineering problems. There is also a group project to model an engineering system of your choice.
What controls how we model a material system and its boundary conditions? What are the limitations of computational materials modelling?
This course is essentially materials arts and crafts(in a good way!) because the manufacturing techniques covered in lecture are experienced hands-on in labs. Topics include: casting, sintering, surface treatments, etc.
What factors affect the setting of concrete? How do you make a double walled coffee mug? What processes are used in forming?
This course covers metal refining from a raw materials and energy resources perspective. Life cycle analysis is taught with activities to demonstrate the technique.
How can we efficiently use resources in materials processing? What methods can we use to evaluate a process?